This lesson was taught at WEPC Kids Club on November 20, 2019.
Main Theme of whole year: “King David shows us Jesus!” He does it by showing us what a good king looks like! He does it also by showing us that even good people do terrible things and we need Jesus! God rescues good people and God rescues bad people.
An Elementary School Lesson on 1 Samuel 16:14 – 17:58
Into the Box
Every week, we look in the box to discover what we are learning about this week.
Pull out board that says GOLIATH
I have a feeling I know what this is about. 🙂
From Last Week
Last week we finally met David! But we don’t really know much about him. The only thing we really know about him to this point is implied in this verse:
16:7 But the Lord said to Samuel, “Do not consider how handsome or tall he is. I have not chosen him. The Lord does not look at the things people look at. People look at the outside of a person. But the Lord looks at what is in the heart.”
We know that Saul looked tall and king-like, but what do you think about David?
So… where we left it is David has been anointed king by Samuel and God, but Saul is actually still king. Do you think this is a recipe for good or bad things?
Saul is feeling terrible, so his servants call for someone to play a musical instrument for Saul to feel better. Who do you think they got?
18 One of the servants said, “I’ve seen someone who knows how to play the harp. He is a son of Jesse from Bethlehem. He’s a brave man. He would make a good soldier. He’s a good speaker. He’s very handsome. And the Lord is with him.”
So… David begins to play the harp (or lyre) for Saul.
And it works! Saul loves it, and Saul loves David! Verse 21 shows that Saul begins to treat David like a son, and David works as an armor-bearer, and a musician.
But then a giant problem comes to Saul. And this problem is named Goliath the Philistine!
The Philistines came to battle once again. Ugh.
2 Saul and the army of Israel gathered together. They camped in the Valley of Elah. They lined up their men to fight against the Philistines. 3 The Philistine army was camped on one hill. Israel’s army was on another. The valley was between them.
Can you picture the scene?
- Saul and the Israelites were set up to fight the Philistines.
- They are on either side of a valley – 1 army on each side.
And out from the camp of the Philistines comes… a… man?
He was six cubits and a span high – which is 9 feet 9 inches. Show the mark on the wall to show how tall he was.
- He wore armor that weighed 125 pounds – that’s like a small woman!
- His sword weighed 15 pounds – that’s a small baby.
Goliath came and shouted at the Israelites for 40 days.
Back then, sometimes battles were fought 1 man to 1 man – not army to army.
No one wanted to fight Goliath.
Meanwhile, David is back at home with his dad, Jesse. (17:17). Jesse sends David to bring lunch to his brothers on the front line.
20 Early in the morning David left his father’s flock in the care of a shepherd. David loaded up the food and started out, just as Jesse had directed. David reached the camp as the army was going out to its battle positions. The soldiers were shouting the war cry. 21 The Israelites and the Philistines were lining up their armies for battle. The armies were facing each other. 22 David left what he had brought with the man who took care of the supplies. He ran to the battle lines and asked his brothers how they were. 23 As David was talking with them, Goliath stepped forward from his line. Goliath was a mighty Philistine hero from Gath. He again dared someone to fight him, and David heard it. 24 Whenever Israel’s army saw Goliath, all of them ran away from him. That’s because they were so afraid.
David started asking questions of lots of soldiers about this giant and what they were going to do about it. Everyone was scared – everyone cowered in fear.
Among these warriors of Israel is David’s brother, Eliab.
When Eliab heard and saw David asking all of these questions, he got mad – told David to get out of there! Thankfully, David ignored Eliab. He says to Eliab: 29 “What have I done now?” said David. “Can’t I even speak?”
So Saul finds out David is out there asking questions, and he calls for him. They have a conversation and David tells Saul (17-39) that he will go out and fight Goliath.
He is armed with a wooden staff, 5 stones and a slingshot!
He walks out to the middle of the Valley of Elah.
45 David said to Goliath, “You are coming to fight against me with a sword, a spear and a javelin. But I’m coming against you in the name of the Lord who rules over all. He is the God of the armies of Israel. He’s the one you have dared to fight against. 46 This day the Lord will give me the victory over you. I’ll strike you down. I’ll cut your head off. This day I’ll feed the bodies of the Philistine army to the birds and wild animals. Then the whole world will know there is a God in Israel. 47 The Lord doesn’t rescue people by using a sword or a spear. And everyone here will know it. The battle belongs to the Lord. He will hand all of you over to us.”
48 As the Philistine moved closer to attack him, David ran quickly to the battle line to meet him. 49 He reached into his bag. He took out a stone. He put it in his sling. He slung it at Goliath. The stone hit him on the forehead and sank into it. He fell to the ground on his face.
50 So David won the fight against Goliath with a sling and a stone. He struck down the Philistine and killed him. He did it without even using a sword.
This is a great victory!
What does this mean for us? It shows us the true victory…
Point to Jesus
“David becomes Israel’s champion. He is their representative, the true Israelite. The people had asked for a king to fight for them, and they got Saul. But Saul is as dismayed as the rest of them. It is David who stands between Israel and their enemies. What is at stake is not just David’s future, but Israel’s future (v 8-9). The outcome of his battle will be their outcome. They did not fight; they watched. But their future hung on David’s shoulders as he walked out to face Goliath. In the same way, on the cross Jesus was our Champion. He stood between us and judgment, between us and death. Judgment and death bear down on us with violent force, threatening to destroy us. But Jesus has stood in between. He bore the full force of their fury. Our future hung on his shoulders as he hung on the cross.” – Tim Chester
Apply it – who are we in the story, and what should we learn and do?
What can we learn from this story?
There is someone in this story that we are like. Do you know who that is?
When our Savior (Jesus) went to do battle with the evil one on the cross – we didn’t fight that battle. We hid in the background. Maybe we even scoffed at Jesus.
This happens today – when we face sin and the consequences of sin in our life now, we often think that Jesus can’t fix this, BUT HE CAN!
STORY – Jesus fixing something today in spite of my scoffing.
What we see in the Valley of Elah is a miniature version of the victory of Jesus.
But there is one thing that David did that we can emulate.
In the face of evil, David gave his wonderful speech (vv. 45-47 above). He acknowledged that he is just a man and he can’t win anything without the grace of God.
That is what you and I can do.
“When we face temptation, we are called to follow the example of the Christ. We are to respond with faith rather than fear. We are to resist the snake. But our ultimate hope is not in our ability to follow the example of Jesus. Only Jesus is consistently faithful. First and foremost we do not follow the Christ as our example—rather, we trust in Jesus as our Savior. He is the faithful One, and we are faithful in him. When temptation comes, we seek to resist like Jesus. But when we succumb to temptation (and we will), we can look to Jesus. We can remind ourselves that God considers us faithful because we are in Christ, the faithful One.” – Tim Chester
Broken in the Box:
- Broken in the Box:
- What did we learn about today? GOLIATH
- Goliath faced the people of God and defied it. David stood in the gap.
- Satan faces you and defies you. Jesus stands in the gap.
- The story of David and Goliath is a wonderful story of a savior standing in the gap. But…
- Break the GOLIATH board
- While breaking it, say: “We need something else.”
- We need Jesus and the power He gives His people. Power to forgive, to love, to boldly move forward in life!
DEEPER INTO THE SCRIPTURE & INTO THE LIVES OF THE KIDS
- What is hard in your life right now?
- What sin or consequence of sin are you dealing with now?
- When do you feel like Saul, Eliab, Israelites, David?